Division of Epidemiology

I.V.R.I, Izatnagar

Bareilly, UP 243122

Email: justindavis_k@hotmail.com 

1. Which is the first veterinary school?

2. Quarantine was first introduced by------

3. First animal virus ------- and was identified by ------- & -------

4. Disease which do not produce any overt clinical sign.

5. Study of outbreaks in avian population is known as-------

6. ------- Epidemiology involves observing and recording disease and possible causal factors.

7. ------- is the study of cause, distribution and control of disease in related individual and of inherited defects.

8. ------- is an examination of aggregation of units.

9. Survey records events occurring at a particular point of time.

10. Unit of an epidemiologist

11. ------- is the identification of undiagnosed cases of disease using rapid tests.

12. -------is the making of routine observation on health, production and environmental factors and recording and dissemination of these observations.

13. ------- investigate relationship between disease and hypothetic causal factors in specified population.

14. ------- is comparison of exposed group with non exposed group to the factors with respect to development of disease.

15. -------is any observable event that can vary.

16. Survey records events occurring for a long period of time.

17. ------- Factors are associated with the definite onset of disease.

18. Constant occurrence of disease in a population or usual frequency of occurrence of disease is known as-------

19. Sudden unpredictable number of cases in a population.

20. Widespread epidemic

21. Irregularly and haphazardly occurring diseases are known as -------.

22. Amount of disease in a population is given by-------

23. Amount of death in a population is given by-------

24. Time of occurrence of a disease constitute-------distribution

25. Place of occurrence of disease constitute -------distribution

26. -------is the number of instance of disease or related attribute in a known population at designated time, with out distinction of new and old cases.

27. -------is the number of new cases occur in a known population over a specified period of time.

28. -------is the proportion of cases of a contagious disease that develop as a result of contact with primary cases.

29. P α I X-------

30. ------- is more intensive form of data recording.

31. Total mortality rate of all disease is known as-------

32. Map where line joining equal morbidity rate is ------- and mortality rate is-------

33. ------- is any characteristic that affects the health of a population.

34. Epidemiological triads are-------, ------- &-------

35. Ability of organism to cause disease in a particular host , in terms of severity is known as-------

36. ------- is quality of disease induction.

37. Sites with in genome that frequently mutate.

38. Infection of susceptible host with out overt clinical sign.

39. ------- is any animal sheds an agent with out clinical sign.

40. Animal which excrete agents during incubation period is known as-------

41. ------- Climate comprises of normal component weather to which animal are exposed.

42. Infection transmitted from one segment of population to the another segment of the population is known as--------

43. Infection transmitted from one generation to next generation is known as-------

44. Host in which agents are transmitted mechanically.

45. Host in which multiplication of agents takes place.

46. Inanimate vectors are called as-------

47. Cyclopropagative transmission is a combination of-------&-------

48. Example for stercorarian transmission.

49. ------- is the period between infection and maximum infectiousness.

50. Time between infection and availability of agent in an arthropod vector is known as-------

51. ------ relates the amount of organism required to initiate an infection.

52. The length of time for which and organism can remain infective outside its host is known as the -------

53. Switch from virulence to non-virulence

54. Transmission of disease from one generation to another via egg is known as.

55. Transmission from one developmental stage to another is known as-------

56. Rain forest are described as------- where as deciduous forest is -------

57. ------- is the natural restriction where animal can roam.

58. Part of the animals home range that it defend aggressively from invaders is known as-------

59. According to Wynne Edward hypothesis population control was the main purpose of -------

60. Which is the functional position of an animal in an ecosystem?

61. Avoidance of competition is usually in -------animals.

62. Which is the smallest spatial unit providing uniform condition for life?

63. Collection of all living organism in a biotope is known as-------

64. Man made ecosystem

65. Junction of two ecosystem is known as-------

66. ------- is the modified patch of vegetation, created by man, with in a biome that has reached in a climax.

67. Study of disease in relation to ecosystem in which they are found is known as-------

68. Foci of infection.

69. An area that has ecological, social, and environmental condition that can support a disease is known as-------

70. ------- is a nosogenic territory in which a particular disease is present.

71. If all animal in a population are surveyed then it is known as-------

72. If relative risk is more than one it denotes-------

73. ------- is the decrease in mortality and morbidity.

74. Examples for primary prevention

75. Animal which excrete agents during recovery period is known as-------

76. Extinction of an agent

77. culling of infected animals during epidemic is often accompanies by the slaughter of animals that may have been exposed to infection and there fore be at risk of developing disease is known as -------

78. Proportion of animals that are resistant to infection or disease in population.


1. Lyon, France 1762

2. Lancisi, physician to Pope Clement XI from Rinderpest

3. FMD,Loeffler and Frosch.

4. Subclinical infection

5. Epornitics

6. Descriptive

7. Genetic epidemiology

8. Survey

9. Cross sectional survey

10. Population

11. Screening

12. Monitoring

13. Cross sectional study

14. Cohort study

15. Variable

16. Longitudinal study

17. Precipitating factors

18. Endemic

19. Epidemic

20. Pandemic

21. Sporadic

22. Morbidity

23. Mortality

24. Temporal

25. Spatial

26. Prevalence

27. Incidence

28. Secondary attack rate

29. D( duration)

30. Surveillance

31. Death rate

32. Isomorbs, isomorts

33. Determinant

34. Host, gent and environment

35. Virulence

36. Pathogenicity

37. Hot spot

38. Inapparent infection

39. Carrier

40. Incubatory carrier

41. Macro

42. Horizontal transmission

43. Vertical transmission

44. Paratenic host

45. Amplifier host

46. Fomits

47. Developmental and propagative

48. T.cruzi

49. Generation time

50. Extrinsic incubation period

51. Infectivity

52. Stability

53. Phase variation

54. Trans-overian

55. Transtadial

56. Megatherms and mesotherms

57. Home range

58. Territory

59. Group behavior

60. Niche

61. Sympatric animals

62. Biotope

63. Biocenosis

64. Anthropurgic

65. Ecological interface

66. Ecological mosaic

67. Landscape epidemiology

68. Nidi

69. Nosogenic area

70. Nosoarea

71. Census

72. Positive statistical association between factor and disease

73. Control

74. Vaccination and quarantine

75. Convalescent carriers

76. Eradication

77. Pre emptive slaughtering

78. Herd immunity